- Samburu Game Reserve is one of the lesser-known national parks, but is nevertheless teeming with life. Situated alongside the Ewaso Nyiro River, there is plenty to attract wildlife from the surrounding savannah plains.
- Samburu Game Reserve lies within ecological zone V – which is classified as arid and semiarid with a moisture index of 42 to 57, which indicates that evapo-transpiration is greater than available moisture. The days are extremely hot while the nights are cool.
- The annual mean temperatures in Samburu Game Reserve range between 18º C and 30ºC, while the mean annual rainfall is 345 mm with peaks in November and April.
- The dry season starts in late May, and goes up to early October when a large concentration of wildlife is found in the reserve due to availability of lush vegetation along the Ewaso Nyiro River, the main source of water to the Reserve and the nearby communities.
- Samburu Game Reserve is rich in wildlife with an abundance of rare northern specialist species such as the Grevy’s zebra, Somali ostrich, reticulated giraffe, gerenuk and the beisa oryx (also referred to as Samburu Special Five).
- Samburu Game Reserve is also popular with a minimum of 900 elephants. Large predators such as the lion, leopard and cheetah are an important attraction (Kamunyak the miracle lioness that adopted the baby oryx is a resident in the reserve).
- Animals, Birds of Samburu National Reserve
Samburu National Reserve has wild dogs sightings which are a common attraction to this unique protected area. Bird life is abundant with over 450 species recorded.
- Samburu National Reserve has rich in game with many rare species. Game includes Grevy’s zebra, Somali ostrich, reticulated giraffe, gerenuk, beisa oryx, elephants, lion, leopard, cheetah, wild dogs and over 450 species of birds. Birds of the arid northern bush country are augmented by a number of riverine forest species.
- The Lesser Kestrel and the Taita Falcon are species of global conservation concern and they both utilize the reserve. Five species categorized as vulnerable have also been recorded in Samburu National Reserve.
- These are the African darter, great egret, white-headed vulture, martial eagle and the yellow billed ox-pecker. The critically endangered pancake tortoise (malacochersus tornieri) is also found in the reserve.
Samburu National Reserve Facts
Facilities : Several picturesque lodges especially those situated by the banks of the Great Ewaso Ngiro River
Area : 165 square kilometers
Altitude: 800 to 1230 m [2620 - 4035 ft]
Access from Nairobi : Road : 344 km's (5 hours)
Animals : Beisa Oryx, Somali Ostrich, Grevy's Zebra, Gerenuk, Lions, crocodiles, storks, leopards
Location : In Rift Valley Province , North of Nairobi
Vegetation : Doum palms, acacia woodland and arid land
Attractions: Various wildlife species and the colorful Samburu people
Birds : Storks, weaver birds, martial eagle, blue legged Somali Ostrich; special northern frontier migrants
Samburu National Reserve Seasons
Samburu Reserve's Temperatures reach 104°F (40°C) in the day with a low of 68°F (20°C) at night
Samburu Reserve's Rainy Season
It may rain anytime during the hot months of April to June, then again in November and December. November is usually the wettest month.
Samburu Reserve's Dry Season
January through to March are very hot and dry, and again from July to October. July is normally the driest month.